GS-2 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

Lateral Entry in Civil Services – Analysis

  Lateral Entry in Civil services refer to a system where in personnel’s other than regular bureaucrats are hired for mid-level and above hierarchy due to various reasons like expertise, specialization in particular field etc. Raghuram Rajan, Urjit Patel, Arvind Subramaniam, Manmohan Singh are some examples. The idea of lateral induction is not new. It… Continue reading Lateral Entry in Civil Services – Analysis

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GS-3 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

Big Data – Applications & Challenges

Big data is a term for data sets that are so large or complex that traditional data processing application software is inadequate to deal with them. Big data challenges include capturing data, data storage, data analysis, search, sharing, transfer, visualization, querying, updating and information privacy. The data could be from social networks, web server logs,… Continue reading Big Data – Applications & Challenges

Modern History, Prelims Booster

(MH/5) Modern History – Quick Revision Series Part-5 (Special)

1. Important Institutions & their founders Adi Brahmo Samaj= Debendranath Tagore. Theosophical Society= HP Blavatsky, Colonel HS Olcott, William Quan judge. Prarthana Samaj= Atmaram Pandurang. Servants of the People Society= Lala Lajpat Rai. (Rai was associated with activities of Punjab National Bank (PNB) & Lakshmi Insurance Company). Congress Socialist Party= Acharya Narendra Dev & JP… Continue reading (MH/5) Modern History – Quick Revision Series Part-5 (Special)

GS-1 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

The Iranian Revolution and its effect

The Iranian Revolution (aka Islamic Revolution or the 1979 Revolution) refers to events involving the overthrow of the Pahlavi dynasty under Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi, who was supported by the United States, and eventual replacement of 2,500 years of continuous Persian monarchy with an Islamic Republic under the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of… Continue reading The Iranian Revolution and its effect

GS-2 (Mains), GS-3 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

Food Processing Industry in India – Complete Analysis

Food Processing Industry (FPI) in India is a sunrise sector that has gained prominence in the recent years. Easy availability of raw materials, changing lifestyles and favourable fiscal policies has given a considerable push to the industry's growth. India being one of the biggest food producers of the world is in very advantageous position to… Continue reading Food Processing Industry in India – Complete Analysis

GS-3 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

Contract Farming in India – Issues & Suggestions

Contract farming involves agricultural production being carried out on the basis of an agreement between the buyer and farm producers. It involves the buyer specifying the quality required and the price, with the farmer agreeing to deliver at a future date. Contract farming (CF) is defined as forward agreements specifying the obligations of farmers and… Continue reading Contract Farming in India – Issues & Suggestions

GS-2 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

Secularism – The Indian Context

Secularism is one of the basic principle enshrined in our Constitution. It provides that the government will treat each and every religion equal and provide no support to any religion. Our Constitution upholds positive secularism rather than negative secularism like in most of the countries in West. Secularism in west promotes the notion of separation… Continue reading Secularism – The Indian Context

GS-3 (Mains)

Electronics Sector in India – Issues and Suggestions

Electronics sector has become an agent of change in segments like lighting, automotive, communications, etc. India’s electronic system design and manufacturing (ESDM) sector continues to be a critical force for growth, innovation and disruption, across multiple segments. -> India electronics industry is worth $140 billion in 2017 and is projected to grow to $400 billion… Continue reading Electronics Sector in India – Issues and Suggestions

GS-2 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

India’s N-E India and Act East Policy

The Northeastern area of the Indian Territory is particularly vulnerable given the Internal Disputes in States like Nagaland and Manipur; The “Chicken Neck Area” near Sikkim and West Bengal; and its proximity to neighbours like Bangladesh, Myanmar which are essential parts of India’s Act East Policy. The Act East Policy focuses on extended relations in… Continue reading India’s N-E India and Act East Policy

GS-2 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

ZED Scheme – To Promote Quality Manufacturing

  On India's 68th Independence Day, PM Modi urged the industry, especially the MSMEs of India, to manufacture goods in the country with "zero defects" and to ensure that the goods have "zero effect" on the environment.   What is it all about? -> Zero Defect-Zero Effect (ZED) Scheme aims at achieving two things -… Continue reading ZED Scheme – To Promote Quality Manufacturing

GS-2 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

ASHAs – Its Importance, Challenges & Suggestions

Accredited social health activists (ASHAs) is community health workers instituted by the government of India's Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW) as part of the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM).   Duties of an ASHAs: -> Motivating women to give birth in hospitals. -> Bringing children to immunization clinics. -> Encouraging family planning .… Continue reading ASHAs – Its Importance, Challenges & Suggestions

GS-2 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

Kashmir Insurgency – Suggestions for tackling this

Insurgency in Kashmir is the biggest threat to security of India since 1990s. India has recently witnessed a surge in insurgency related incidents in the Kashmir Valley. Major issues related to insurgency are: -> Magnitude of local support for the insurgency has increased among all generations as they tremendously exhibit a high degree of familiarity… Continue reading Kashmir Insurgency – Suggestions for tackling this

GS-3 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

Future of Trade Multilateralism – WTO’s relevance & Issues associated

Trade Multilateralism can be defined as the progress of world trade in goods and services at a scale covering and connecting multiple economies. It stands for a regime of open and trade with very few restrictions. The consensus based approach of the multilateral trade agreements seeks to provide equal footing to every nation despite its… Continue reading Future of Trade Multilateralism – WTO’s relevance & Issues associated

GS-2 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

India-Nepal Relations – Changing Scenario & Suggestions for Improvement

The relationship between the two countries is bound by history, geography, economic cooperation, socio-cultural ties and people-to-people relations. India Nepal relations have been very cordial. Both the countries share a deep cultural and people to people contact from historic times. There has been a free cross border movement of people and traders from time immemorial.… Continue reading India-Nepal Relations – Changing Scenario & Suggestions for Improvement

Sociology (English Medium)

Sociology/P1/U5: Theories of social stratification – Structural Functionalist Theory (Davis and Moore)

Structural Functionalist Theory (Davis and Moore) The most famous structural-functionalist theory of stratification was first presented in 1945 in an article by the American Sociologists “Davis and Moore” entitled ‘Some Principles of Stratification’. Here, Davis and Moore discussed the issues of functional necessity of stratification, determinants of positional rank, societal functions and stratification, and variation… Continue reading Sociology/P1/U5: Theories of social stratification – Structural Functionalist Theory (Davis and Moore)