GS-2 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English)

The Tripura Model of Development – Inclusive Development


Despite of being afflicted by violent insurgence and tribal conflicts, the north-eastern state of Tripura has amazed the entire country by not only coming out of it but also ensuring development of the majority tribal population. The development model is inclusive with focus in all the spheres i.e. Health, Education, Employment to name few of them.

Features of Tripura model of development:

  1.   Peoples participation: An important feature of Tripura’s economy over the last decade has been a rise in labour force participation and workforce participation, particularly among women. Good governance is a two-way process where people’s participation and feedback is of utmost importance for the successful implementation of the government policies.
  2.   Stable and peaceful environment: After the repeal of AFSPA in 2015, the entire atmosphere became conducive and the aspirations of the people were fulfilled to the maximum.
  3.   Education: The saying “Education is empowerment” fits perfectly in Tripura where the number of people going to school has increased significantly.
  4.   Employment & labour force: Peace and security enable the expansion of employment and livelihoods. The highest number of average working days under MGNREGA shows the state’s commitment to end poverty and ensure wealth distribution in the economy.
  5.   Tribal autonomy as enshrined in the Sixth schedule of the Constitution provided a sense of security to the tribal communities from the encroachment of the non-tribal population.
  6.   Role of women: This is the most remarkable feature of the development model where women transcended from the societal barriers and went to schools and contributed to the labour workforce which helped them to become independent.


Tripura’s Development – Key Facts:

-> Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) declined from 51 per thousand live birth to 27 per thousand live birth between 2005-06 and 2014-15 (NFHS) and further declined to 20 by 2015 (Sample Registration Bulletin, Census of India).

-> Literacy rate rose from 73% to 87% between 2001 and 2011. (Census 2011).

-> Tripura topped in implementation of MGNREGA by increasing average number of days of employment obtained per household.

-> Rise in female labour force participation (FLFP) from 17% to 38% in rural areas between 2004-05 to 2011-12 (Overall for India FLFP fell from 49% to 36%).

-> In the last four years, when per capita Net Domestic Product of India was growing only at around 5% per annum, per capita SDP in Tripura grew at 9 to 10% a year.



Tripura’s path of development is one that respects administrative autonomy for regions where people of the Scheduled Tribes are predominant in the population, and the principle of unity of its diverse people.

The influx of Rohingyas, Separatist movement in Nagaland & Manipur, Chinese funding to separatist to obstruct development, Climate change, Deforestation pose problems to Tripura Model of Development. However resolute, developed Tripura is set to overcome these challenges and become the growth engine of North-East India.


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