GS-1 (Mains), Mains-2018 (English), World History

Russian Revolution & India – The Centenary of Russian Revolution


The Russian Revolution of 1917 was one of the most explosive political events of the twentieth century. It is a combination of two revolutions – February Revolution & October Revolution.

-> The February Revolution led to the end of the rule of Czar & establishment of a provisional government.

-> The October Revolution (Bolshevik Revolution) resulted in the overthrowing of the provisional govt in a coup by the Bolsheviks and consequent establishment of a communist state of Russia.

-> The 100th anniversary of the great historical event of 1917 takes us back to the blessings of our own national liberation struggle which was then intensifying.

-> It is no exaggeration to state that the October Revolution had a great impact on Indian nationalism and on the colonial revolutionary movement throughout the entire enslaved Orient.


Influence of Russian Revolution on India:

-> Ideas of Russian revolution influenced the Indian politics as Communist Party of India (CPI) was established by M.N. Roy and Congress Socialist by Ram Manohar Lohia & J.P. Narayan.

-> The revolution made a big impact on the minds of Indian revolutionaries who, unlike the ‘Moderates’ and the ‘Extremists’ of the Congress party, intended to get absolute independence by adopting revolutionary methods as practiced by Russians.

-> It gave Indian peasants a sense of confidence against the powerful organized British. It also created a sense of awareness in the peasants about the luxury enjoyed by the Zamindar class, Princes and found a source of their pitiable condition.

-> Russian Revolution influenced revolutionary movements in India like Anushilan samiti, Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), etc. Moreover, It has given rise to revolutionary terrorists whose aim was to overthrow the British rule through violent means.

-> Working Class became more organized and united with the formation of AITUC (1920), Ahmadabad Textile Labour Association (TLA) (1917), Workers and Peasants Party (1927) etc. Consequently, Workers struggle against the Indian capitalist class became an inherent part of Indian freedom struggle.

-> The economic policy, industrial policy and the five-year plans were adapted from the Russian Revolution.

-> Russian revolution and the success of the young socialist state in consolidating itself influenced our revolutionaries to have their own self-ruled land.

-> After independence too the India under Nehru adopted Fabian Socialism which Nehru considered best for Indian’s situation.

-> Concept of Socialism was introduced in the independence movement and incorporated in the Indian Constitution after independence through 42nd Constitutional amendment act.


Russian revolution brought a new wave of liberty & freedom in the country, it enlightened the marginalised of their natural rights & pushed them to stand for themselves. It played greater role in the development of India as a nation.


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